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Category: News

W3C WAI updates Web Accessibility Laws and Policies listing

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) has recently updated its Web Accessibility Laws and Policies list. This list provides guidance as to which countries and regions have formal policies and legislative frameworks to support the preparation of online content for people with disabilities. In most cases this includes support for the internationally recognized Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 and other associated policies such as accessible procurement.

According to the list, countries and regions that currently have formal laws and policies related to web accessibity include:

  •  Australia
  • Canada                     
  • China            
  • Denmark                    
  • European Union                  
  • Finland                     
  • France                      
  • Germany                  
  • Hong Kong               
  • India              
  • Ireland                       
  • Israel                         
  • Italy                
  • Netherlands             
  • Norway                      
  • Republic of Korea               
  • Switzerland              
  • United Kingdom                  
  • United States of America               

The listing also provides links to the relevant policy in each country or region. While this list provides information on countries and regions with formal policies, there are other countries that follow WCAG 2.0 principles such as Thailand and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia but in a less formalized manner.

Additional information on W3C web accessibility standards and resources can be found at the W3C Web Accessibility Initiative home page.

Apple iPhone X – access issues and workarounds

There’s no doubt that when it comes to digital access, Apple reign supreme in the mobile space. Prior to 2009, the idea that a blind person could effectively use a touchscreen seemed like an impossible dream – at least until the iPhone 3GS came out packing the VoiceOver screen reader. That Apple objective of universal access remains largely present in the current offerings with accessibility features available in most Apple products.

Apple iPhone XApple iPhone X (Image © 2017 Apple)

However, the release of the iPhone X, pronounced ‘iPhone 10’, makes some changes that have raised concerns for people with disabilities. While there are some benefits to the new phone such as the inclusion of wireless charging, the two big things that have access implications are the removal of the home button and the new Face ID at the expense of the fingerprint sensor.

Home button removal

From the perspective of people who are blind or vision impaired, the removal of the home button is a pretty big deal. As noted in an AppleVis blog post about the Apple announcements, the use of the Home button to activate various assistive technology tools such as VoiceOver has to now be achieved in a different way. The article confirms that to address this issue, Apple have movved the three-button tap and Siri support to the side button. In addition, the accessibility shortcut to activate accessibility features will be supported by haptic feedback and a gesture which may be awkward to use, but ensures the functionality remains.

In addition, the Assistive Touch accessibility feature may be helpful by providing a virtual home button. A detailed tutorial on how to set this up can be found in Alyssa Bereznak’s article What to Do If Your iPhone’s Home Button Breaks.

Face ID at the expense of Touch ID

The next issue is the Face ID which relies on the iPhone picking up that a person is looking at the phone for it to be activated. As a person who is legally blind I can vouch for the challenges in trying to look at something you can’t see. As there is no Touch ID fingerprint option to fall back on in the iPhone X, this has the potential to be difficult. There is, however, a workaround for this as well in that the specific need to look at the iPhone will be disabled if VoiceOver is enabled, meaning that the user just has to hold the phone up in line with their face to achieve the same effect. How easy it is to use though for a blind person remains to be seen.

For other disability groups, it’s difficult to say at this early stage whether Face ID will be helpful or not. For some people with motor function difficulties it may be much easier to be able to look to the iPhone and unlock it, while others may struggle to get the iPhone in the right place to trigger the feature, whereby in comparison a fingerprint swipe may have been the easier option. While new features always have the ability to make things easier, it’s the removal of long-established accessibility features to incorporate the changes that have raised the concerns of many.

Accessible smartphone alternatives

While some of the design decisions for the iPhone X may have negative access implications, it’s important to remember that there are plenty of alternatives out there. In addition to accessibility, there’s also affordability considerations as the price of the iPhone X starts from $AUD1579 for the 64GB model.

Firstly, if you’re particularly keen on Apple products, it’s worth mentioning that the other two iPhones announced, the iPhone 8 and 8 Plus, retain Touch ID while picking up the benefits of wireless charging and still have all the fantastic accessibility features built-in for several hundred dollars less. There’s also high-end Android smartphones such as the Samsung Galaxy S8 and a new Google Pixel just around the corner which are slightly cheaper still.

Finally, if you’re looking for a mid-range smartphone that still has most of the features as the flagship phones along with fingerprint sensor and a wealth of accessibility features, I’d recommend my personal favourite the Moto G5 Plus rated by NET as  ‘Simply the best budget phone’. It’s also one-fifth the price of the iPhone X.

So overall it is understandable that the removal of the Home button and Touch ID from the Apple iPhone X may make the phone more awkward to use for people with disabilities, but in fairness to Apple it also appears the company has endeavoured to ensure that the functionality remains with workarounds to address the issues. Additional information on the iPhone X can be found on the Apple website.

Eye Control feature coming soon to Windows 10

Microsoft has recently announced that it will be adding the ability to control elements in Windows 10 through the use of eye movement.

The feature known as Eye Control, was added in Build 16257 of Windows 10 for beta testing. Microsoft have stated in an e-mail to subscribers of their Insider program that “Eye Control makes Windows 10 more accessible by empowering people with disabilities to operate an on-screen mouse, keyboard, and text-to-speech experience using only their eyes.”

While the inclusion of eye control in Windows offers a significant improvement in the provision of accessibility for people with a mobility impairment, it is currently a difficult process to set up. This is due to the feature currently relying specifically on the use of a Tobii Eye Tracker 4C and the need to install an Insider build of Windows 10. However, this issue will be addressed in the near future as support for the feature will be expanded of the Tobii Dynavox PCEye Mini, PCEyePlus, EyeMobile Plus, and I-series devices prior to the feature’s formal launch. The formal release of the feature to the public is scheduled to be included in the next significant Windows 10 update due before the end of the year.

Additional information on the Eye Control feature including its installation, use and supported devices can be found in the Microsoft Insider blog.

Adobe addresses Acrobat PDF tagging issues

The August release of Acrobat Pro DC has seen two accessibility tagging improvements, making it easier for users to create accessible PDF files.

 In a recent Adobe blog post, Rob Hagerty, highlighted that the tag tree now remains visible when a document is saved and reopened, allowing users to quickly return to a specific document section.

The biggest announcement, however, relates to the interaction of tags when sections of a document are moved. With the August update, the tag tree will now automatically adjust during the moving process. For example, moving page 10 to page 3 of a document will result in the tag tree automatically updating to reflect the change. This will make it significantly easier for screen reader users to navigate PDF documents edited in Acrobat Pro DC.

Additional information on the accessibility of Adobe products can be found in the Accessibility section of the Adobe website.

Digital access in Vietnam – a great experience

I recently had the privilege to spent a week in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam as a guest of the RMIT Vietnam Centre of Digital Excellence (CODE) for a combination of presentations, events and a workshop, highlighting the strong commitment of RMIT Vietnam in making accessibility happen.  Scott presenting a workshop at InSITE 2017

Scott running a workshop at InSITE 2017

The primary reason for my visit was to present a three-hour workshop titled ‘Exploring the web in different ways’ as part of the InSITE 2017 conference hosted by RMIT Vietnam. The workshop had about 60 people in attendance and all had an opportunity to experience the use of a screen reader on their own device, assess web content for its accessibility and interact with a digital assistant such as the Amazon Echo Dot. Participants in the workshop were very positive about the experience, providing feedback that the activities were both fun and informative, leading to an increased awareness of how people with different abilities engage with their content. 

Scott in front of RMIT Vietnam sign

Scott at the RMIT Vietnam campus

Other events at RMIT Vietnam included a presentation to equity students which provided an overview of my work and some highlights from my personal disability journey. The theme of the presentation focused on the power of education, technology and the great work being done by the staff in the Equitable Learning Services department. There was also a joint presentation with Dr Ruchi Permvattana from Curtin University on accessible e-learning for RMIT Vietnam learning and teaching staff.

While the RMIT Vietnam meetings, presentations and the InSITE conference workshop were all a part of my original itinerary, I was very fortunate to also visit MATA, a boarding school specifically for children who are blind or have low vision. The Director and a staff member from RMIT Vietnam very kindly took the time to bring us to the centre and show us the facilities. In addition to the school they also produce Braille books and white canes, and I was very lucky to be presented with a much-needed new white cane as a gift. I also presented a gift in the form of the audio book version of ‘Outrunning the Night’. `

MATA school children performing a Vietnamese welcome song during Scott’s visit

In conversation with the Director I was particularly struck by the great facilities and focus of the children in the school, with their dedication to learning being described as ‘Overcoming darkness through education’ – a great phrase. Shortly after my arrival the students performed a Vietnamese welcome song.  This really showcased the dedication and talents of the students in the school.

In terms of digital access broadly, it was great to see that many students both at RMIT Vietnam and MATA had an awareness of the benefits that technology can provide, along with an openness to additional improvements. For example, in my discussion with the equity students at RMIT Vietnam I happened to mention about the new accessibility features in Windows 10, and within 20 minutes a plan had been established to upgrade the computers used by the students to Windows 10 so they could use the improved features. It’s this nimble approach to access that was exciting to see and will ultimately yield significant benefits to the students studying at RMIT Vietnam.

 I’d like to take this opportunity to sincerely thank RMIT Vietnam CODE for bringing me over for the week, the opportunity to share my knowledge and experience, the InSITE conference organisers and MATA for their fantastic welcome.